Selama tahun 2007-2014, upah riil (upah yang sudah disesuaikan dengan inflasi) buruh di bawah mandor (supervisor) di sektor industri, hotel, perdagangan serta peternakan dan perikanan cenderung mengalami kenaikan, masing-masing sebesar 26,1%,  12,5%, 20,9% dan 46,5%. Sementara itu, upah riil di sektor tambang mengalami penurunan sebesar -1,6%.

Meski terdapat kenaikan, itu tidak berarti bahwa upah riil buruh di sektor-sektor yang mengalami kenaikan sudah layak. Upah riil di sektor peternakan dan perikanan, misalnya, meski mengalami kenaikan sebesar 46,5%, tetapi nilainya tetaplah kecil, yakni naik dari Rp611.000 menjadi Rp895.100. Sementara itu, terdapat ketimpangan upah rill yang cukup besar antara sektor tambang dengan sektor industri, hotel, perdagangan serta peternakan dan perikanan.

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By: Muhammad Ridha

On the first of January 2014, the government of Indonesia officially launched the National Health Insurance (Jaminan Kesehatan Nasional, JKN). The National Health Insurance (JKN) is part  of the National Social  Security System  (Sistem Jaminan Sosial Nasional) that is maintained using the mechanisms of social health insurance which is compulsory based on  Law Number 40 from  year 2004 on  the National Social Security System with the aim to meet the basic needs of adequate public health given to every person who  has  paid  dues  or  dues  paid  by  the  Government.  Through  this  mechanism,  the government wants to provide comprehensive health care for all citizens of Indonesia while providing free health care for the poor (Firdaus, 2013). With more than 90 million people still living on the poverty line, many believe that this policy is addressing the real problem of the Indonesian people. While it was being drafted, this policy even got a lot of support from several popular sectors like trade union, student, and medical workers (Suhartono, 2011). It can be said that this policy is quite historical, as past governments often ignored its citizen.

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